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Define And Properties Of Manganese Steel

Steel is an alloy of iron and carbon, where the carbon content is typically between 0.2% and 2.1% by weight. It is one of the most widely used materials in various industries due to its strength, versatility, and affordability. Steel possesses several desirable properties, including high tensile strength, durability, and excellent formability, making it suitable for a wide range of applications.The carbon in steel provides hardness and strength, while other elements such as manganese, chromium, and nickel are often added to enhance specific properties.

These alloying elements can improve corrosion resistance, wear resistance, heat resistance, and other desired characteristics, depending on the intended application of the steel.

What is Manganese Steel & Properties of Manganese Steel

  • Hardness: 200-600 Brinell (HB)
  • Tensile Strength: 550-850 megapascals (MPa)
  • Yield Strength: 350-600 megapascals (MPa)
  • Elongation: 20-50% (depending on the grade and thickness)

Manganese steel, also known as Hadfield steel or mangalloy, is a type of alloy steel that contains high levels of manganese (around 11-15% by weight). It is primarily used in applications where exceptional toughness and wear resistance are required. Manganese steel is known for its unique properties, which distinguish it from other types of steel:

  • High Toughness: Manganese steel exhibits remarkable toughness, allowing it to withstand high impact and shock loading without fracturing. This property makes it ideal for applications involving heavy machinery, crushers, and mining equipment.
  • Excellent Work-hardening ability: Manganese steel has the ability to work-harden under impact or pressure, meaning it becomes even harder and more wear-resistant when subjected to repeated impact or pressure. This property enhances its durability and resistance to wear and abrasion.
  • Superior Wear Resistance: Manganese steel is highly resistant to wear and abrasion, making it suitable for applications involving high friction and abrasive environments. It is commonly used in the construction of crusher liners, excavator teeth, grinding balls, and other components subjected to severe wear.
  • Non-Magnetic: Manganese steel is non-magnetic, which makes it suitable for use in applications where magnetic properties could interfere with equipment or processes, such as certain mining and medical applications.
  • Difficult To CNC Machining: Due to its hardness and toughness, manganese steel can be challenging to machine. Specialized cutting tools and techniques are often required to shape and fabricate manganese steel components.

Manganese steel is primarily used in industries such as mining, quarrying, construction, and the production of heavy machinery and equipment. It is commonly employed in applications such as crusher jaws, impact plates, railroad crossings, rock crushing equipment, and shredder hammers, where its exceptional toughness and wear resistance are essential for extended service life in harsh operating conditions.

What is Manganese Steel Used for?

Manganese steel, also known as Hadfield steel or mangalloy, is widely used in various applications that require exceptional toughness and wear resistance. Some common uses of manganese steel include:

  • Crusher and Quarrying Equipment: Manganese steel is extensively used in the mining and quarrying industry for the construction of crusher jaws, impact plates, cone crusher liners, and hammerheads. These components experience high impact and abrasion, and manganese steel’s excellent toughness and wear resistance make it ideal for prolonging the service life of crushing equipment.
  • Railroad Components: Manganese steel is employed in the construction of railroad crossings, switch points, and related components. These applications require materials with high strength, wear resistance, and the ability to withstand heavy loads and impact forces.
  • Rock and Ore Processing Equipment: Manganese steel is used in the manufacturing of rock-crushing equipment, such as rock crushers and shredders. It is also utilized in the production of ore processing equipment, including screens, feeders, and grinding mills. Manganese steel’s durability and resistance to wear and abrasion ensure reliable performance in these demanding applications.
  • Dredging and Excavation Machinery: Manganese steel finds application in dredging and excavation machinery, such as buckets, teeth, and cutting edges used in digging and extracting materials. These components are subjected to intense wear and abrasion from the materials being handled, and manganese steel’s exceptional wear resistance helps extend their lifespan.
  • Shot Blasting Equipment: Manganese steel is employed in shot blasting equipment, which is used for surface cleaning, preparation, and finishing of various materials. Shot blasting involves high-speed abrasive particle impact, and the toughness and wear resistance of manganese steel allow it to withstand the abrasive forces and maintain its structural integrity.

It’s important to note that the specific applications of manganese steel can vary based on the industry and the requirements of each application. The properties of manganese steel, such as its high toughness and wear resistance, make it well-suited for applications where durability and performance in harsh environments are essential.

CNC Machining Manganese Steel

Machining manganese steel can be challenging due to its hardness, toughness, and work-hardening characteristics. CNC (Computer Numerical Control) machining of manganese steel follows similar considerations and techniques as conventional machining but with the advantage of precise control and automation. Here are some points to consider when CNC machining manganese steel:

  • Tool selection: Use carbide or high-speed steel (HSS) tools specifically designed for cutting hard materials. These tools should have appropriate coatings to enhance wear resistance.
  • Cutting parameters: Optimize the cutting parameters such as cutting speed, feed rate, and depth of cut based on the specific grade and hardness of the manganese steel. Start with conservative parameters and adjust as needed to achieve optimal results.
  • Coolant and lubrication: Ensure sufficient coolant or lubrication is used during CNC machining to dissipate heat and improve chip evacuation. This helps maintain tool life and reduce the risk of work hardening.
  • Tool path strategy: Plan the tool path strategy carefully to minimize sudden changes in cutting direction or impacts that could lead to tool chipping or breakage. Use appropriate tool paths, such as ramping or helical milling, to achieve smooth and controlled machining.
  • Fixturing and stability: Securely fixturing the manganese steel workpiece is crucial to prevent vibrations or movement during machining, which can negatively affect the surface finish and dimensional accuracy. Stable setup helps maintain precision and avoids potential tool breakage.
  • Post-machining treatment: Similar to conventional machining, stress relieving or annealing processes can be applied after CNC machining to relieve internal stresses and improve machinability and dimensional stability.

CNC machining offers the advantages of automation, precision, and repeatability, which can be beneficial when working with challenging materials like manganese steel. However, it is important to consider the specific properties of the manganese steel grade being machined and adjust the CNC machining parameters accordingly for optimal results. Consulting with experienced CNC machinists or manufacturers who specialize in machining manganese steel can provide valuable insights and guidance.If you are seeking a professional CNC machining supplier to provide high quality precision CNC machined Manganese Steel parts, is one of the most affordable and capable manufacturer, specializing in Manganese Steel CNC Machining process on advanced 3-axis and 5-axis Manganese Steel CNC machines. Our professional technical team has in-depth understanding of special Manganese Steel CNC machining requirements (especially custom Manganese Steel CNC turning, Manganese Steel CNC milling, Manganese Steel CNC drilling, Manganese Steel prototyping) and other than the aluminum parts, and state-of-the art facility has helped us achieve this distinction. With great experience and broad knowledge, our CNC Manganese Steel machining center can reach extremely tight tolerances in manufacturing CNC Manganese Steel machined parts & products.

Difference Between Manganese Steel and Carbon Steel – Manganese Steel vs Carbon Steel

Mangalloy was created by Robert Hadfield in 1882, it is the first alloy steel that has considerable differences in properties compared to carbon steel.

  • Composition: Manganese steel contains high levels of manganese (typically 11-15% by weight) along with iron and trace amounts of other elements. Carbon steel, on the other hand, primarily consists of iron and carbon, with carbon content ranging from 0.2% to 2.1% by weight.
  • Hardness and Toughness: Manganese steel is known for its exceptional hardness and toughness. It is a high-strength, wear-resistant material that exhibits excellent resistance to abrasion and impact. Carbon steel, depending on the carbon content and other alloying elements, can vary in hardness and toughness, but generally, it is not as hard or tough as manganese steel.
  • Work-Hardening Ability: Manganese steel has the unique property of work-hardening, meaning it becomes harder and more wear-resistant when subjected to impact or pressure. This property allows it to withstand high-impact applications without fracturing. Carbon steel does not possess significant work-hardening characteristics.
  • Wear Resistance: Manganese steel is highly resistant to wear and abrasion, making it suitable for applications involving high friction and abrasive environments. Carbon steel’s wear resistance depends on the specific grade and composition but is generally lower than that of manganese steel.
  • Machinability: Manganese steel is more challenging to machine compared to carbon steel due to its higher hardness and toughness. Carbon steel, depending on the grade, is generally easier to machine.
  • Applications: Manganese steel finds application in industries such as mining, quarrying, rock crushing equipment, and heavy machinery where exceptional toughness and wear resistance are required. Carbon steel is used in a wide range of applications, including construction, automotive, infrastructure, and general-purpose manufacturing, where strength and versatility are important.

Steel Grade 60 vs AISI 1095 Carbon Steel, Which One to Choose?

The choice between Steel Grade 60 and AISI 1095 carbon steel depends on the specific application and requirements. Here are some key points to consider when comparing these two materials:

  • Steel Grade 60 is a structural steel grade that typically contains carbon, manganese, phosphorus, sulfur, and silicon. AISI 1095 carbon steel, on the other hand, is a high-carbon steel with primarily iron and carbon as its main components, typically containing around 0.90-1.03% carbon.
  • Steel Grade 60 is typically used for structural applications and has a minimum yield strength of 415 MPa (60,000 psi). AISI 1095 carbon steel is known for its high strength and hardness, often used in applications where hardness and edge retention are critical.
  • Steel Grade 60 exhibits good ductility and toughness, allowing it to withstand high stress and impact. AISI 1095 carbon steel, while strong and hard, is less ductile and tougher compared to some other carbon steels.
  • Steel Grade 60 is generally considered to have good machinability, making it suitable for various machining operations. AISI 1095 carbon steel is more difficult to machine due to its high carbon content, which makes it harder and less machinable.
  • Steel Grade 60 may have some resistance to atmospheric corrosion but is not specifically designed for highly corrosive environments. AISI 1095 carbon steel is not corrosion resistant and is susceptible to rusting if not properly protected.


  • If you require a structural steel grade for applications like building construction or infrastructure projects, Steel Grade 60 may be a suitable choice.
  • If you need a high-carbon steel with excellent strength, hardness, and edge retention for applications such as blades, springs, or cutting tools, AISI 1095 carbon steel could be a better option.

Ultimately, it is essential to evaluate the specific requirements, mechanical properties, and environmental conditions of your application to determine which material, Steel Grade 60 or AISI 1095 carbon steel, best meets your needs.